## Exam-Style Questions on Mensuration## Problems on Mensuration adapted from questions set in previous Mathematics exams. |

## 1. | IGCSE Core |

A bricklayer estimates the number of bricks he will need to build a wall by dividing the area of the wall by the area of the face of a brick.

The wall is 16 metres long and 1.2 metres tall.

The bricks he will use are each 25 centimetres long and 12 centimetres tall.

Calculate an estimate for the number of bricks the bricklayer will need to build the wall.

The diagram above of part of the wall is not drawn to scale.

## 2. | GCSE Higher |

The diagram shows a water tank in the shape of a cylinder. It has a diameter of 76cm anf a height of 36cm.

It is filled at the rate of 0.3 litres per second. How long does it take to completely fill the tank?

[1 litre = 1000 cm^{3}]

## 3. | GCSE Higher |

Babatunde has to paint four containers.

Each container is in the shape of a cylinder with a diameter of 1.2m and a length of 3.2m.

How many tins of paint will Babatunde need to buy to completely cover each of the four containers if each tin of paint covers 6m^{2}?

You must show all of your working.

[The surface area of a cylinder of radius \(r\) and height (or length) \(h\) is \(2\pi rh + 2\pi r^2\)]

## 4. | GCSE Higher |

The diagram shows a red square placed on top of a grey square.

The length of each side of the grey square is 4cm longer than the length of each side of the red square.

The area of the grey square is 56cm^{2} greater than the area of the red square.

Find the area of the grey square giving your answer correct to 3 significant figures.

## 5. | GCSE Higher |

The diagram show a solid cone painted two different colours.

Find the area of the curved surface of a cone with a base diameter of 35cm and slant height of 40cm that is painted blue, below a circle drawn at a slant height of 15cm above the base.

Give your answer to three significant figures and show your working.

## 6. | GCSE Higher |

A builder needs to lift a steel block. It is a cuboid with dimensions 2 m by 0.2 m by 0.2 m. Steel has a density of 7.6 g/cm^{3}.

The builder's lifting gear can lift a maximum load of 500 kg. Can the lifting gear be used to lift the steel block?

Justify your decision.

## 7. | IGCSE Extended |

[The surface area of a sphere of radius \(r\) is \(4\pi r^2\) and the volume is \(\frac43\pi r^3\)]

A solid metal sphere has a radius of 7.5 cm.

(a) Calculate the volume of the sphere to the nearest cubic centimetre.

(b) Calculate the surface area of the sphere to the nearest square centimetre.

(c) If one cubic centimetre of the metal has a mass of 4.9 grams calculate the mass of the sphere to three significant figures.

(d) Two of these spheres are placed in the water in a cylindrical tank with base diameter 32cm. Before they were lowered in the depth of the water was 19cm. Calculate the new depth of water in the cylinder when the spheres are fully submerged.

## 8. | GCSE Higher |

A circular dart board has radius of 30 cm.

(a) Calculate the area of the front face of the dart board in cm^{2}, giving your answer as a multiple of \(\pi\).

(b) The volume of the dart board is 4500\(\pi\) cm^{3}.
Calculate the thickness of the dart board.

## 9. | GCSE Higher |

A batch of coins is made from an alloy consisting of 270g of copper mixed with 90g of nickel.

- The density of copper is 9.0g/cm
^{3}. - The density of nickel is 8.9g/cm
^{3}.

(a) Work out the volume of copper used in the alloy.

(b) What is the density of the alloy to three significant figures?

## 10. | GCSE Higher |

The diagram below shows two rectangles not drawn to scale.

The perimeter of rectangle EFGH is 41cm and the area of rectangle ABCD is 55cm^{2}.

- EF = 9.5cm
- AB = FG

Find the length of AD.

## 12. | GCSE Higher |

A yellow equilateral triangle has been painted on a purple sector. The side OC is 20cm and OA is 12cm. Calculate the area of the purple region ABCD as a percentage of the area of the whole sector OCD.

The diagram is not drawn to scale.

## 13. | GCSE Higher |

The illustration shows a greenhouse in the shape of a pentagonal prism. The front of the greenhouse is a pentagon with a single line of symmetry. The sides of the greenhouse are vertical.

Find the volume of the greenhouse in cubic metres correct to the nearest integer.

## 14. | GCSE Higher |

The diagram shows a sector of a circle with sector angle 160° and radius 18 cm.

A chord divides the area of the sector into a yellow triangle and a blue segment. Calculate the area of the blue segment.

## 15. | GCSE Higher |

Triangle JKL is the cross-section of a prism of length 25cm.

JK = 7cm, KL = 10cm and LJ = 14cm.

(a) Find the area of triangle JKL correct to 2 decimal places.

(b) Find the volume of the prism.

(c) Find the total surface area of the prism.

(d) A mathematically similar prism has a volume of one litre.

Calculate the total surface area of this similar prism.

Give your answer correct to 2 significant figures.

## 16. | GCSE Higher |

Walter Wall is planning to renovate a remote building by installing new flooring. A diagram showing the area required to be covered by the flooring can be seen below.

ABCDEFG is a regular heptagon with sides of length 5m.

O is the centre of the heptagon and M is the midpoint of AB.

(a) Find angle AOM

(b) Calculate the area of the heptagon in square metres.

Walter may be able to save money by purchasing some second-hand flooring material in the shape of a circle.

(c) Find the area of the circle that passes through the vertices of the heptagon.

## 17. | IGCSE Extended |

A circle is drawn inside a square so that it touches all four sides of the square.

(a) If the sides of the square are each \(k\) mm in length and the area of the red shaded region is \(A\) mm^{2} show that:

(b) Make \(k\) the subject of the formula \(4A=4k^2-\pi k^2\)

## 18. | GCSE Higher |

Find the length of the sides of a square from the following clues:

- The square is drawn inside a circle.
- Each vertex of the square lies on the circumference of the circle.
- The area of the circle is 64cm
^{2}.

Give your answer in centimetres to three significant figures.

## 19. | IB Studies |

Twenty four spherical shaped chocolates are arranged in a box in four rows and six columns.

Each chocolate has a radius of 1.2 cm.

(a) Find the volume of one chocolate.

(b) Write down the volume of 24 chocolates.

The 24 chocolates fit perfectly in the box with each chocolate touching the ones around it or the sides of the box.

(c) Calculate the volume of the box.

(d) Calculate the volume of empty space in the box.

(e) What percentage of the contents of the box is chocolate?

## 20. | IGCSE Extended |

The three sides of an equilateral triangle are tangents to a circle of radius \(r\) cm. The sides of the triangle are each 10cm long.

(a) Calculate the value of \(r\).

The second diagram shows a box in the shape of a triangular prism of length 15cm.

The cross section is an equilateral triangle with sides of length 10cm.

(b) Calculate the volume of the box.

The box contains cookies. Each cookie is a cylinder of radius 2.8cm and height 5mm.

(c) Calculate the largest number of cookies that will fit in the box.

(d) Calculate the volume of one cookie in cubic centimetres.

(e) Calculate the percentage of the volume of the box not filled with cookies.

## 21. | GCSE Higher |

A square has sides of length \(x\) cm.

The equilateral triangle next to it has sides which are each 3cm more than the length of a side of the square.

(a) Find the perimeter of the square if it is equal to the perimeter of the triangle.

The diagram above show the same square and triangle.

The length of the diagonal of the square is \(d\) cm and the height of the triangle is \(h\) cm.

(b) Which has the greater value, \(d\) or \(h\)?

## 22. | GCSE Higher |

The diagram, drawn to scale, shows a right-angled triangle ABC.

Construct using a ruler and a pair of compasses a rectangle, DEFG, equal in area to the area of the triangle ABC and with DE the same length as AB.

You must show all your construction lines.

## 23. | GCSE Higher |

Three crayons are held together with an elastic band. The diagram below shows the end of the crayons and the elastic band.

Each of the crayons has diameter of 10 mm. Find the length of the elastic band in this position

## 24. | GCSE Higher |

(a) Find the area of a regular octagon if the distance from its centre to any vertex is 10cm.

(b) If the octagon had been cut from a piece of square card that was only just large enough, work out the area of the original square piece of card.

(c) A table top is made in the shape of a regular octagon with sides five times as long as the card model. Find the ratio of the area of the table top to the area of the card model.

## 25. | GCSE Higher |

Four congruent triangles come together to make a square as shown in the diagram. The ratio of the area of one triangle to the area of the square is 1:5. Find the area of the square in square centimetres.

## 26. | GCSE Higher |

Five identical circles fit exactly inside a rectangle as shown in the diagram.

Find the area of the rectangle in terms of \(r\), the radius of the circles.

## 27. | GCSE Higher |

The volume of a cone can be calculated using the formula \(V=\frac13 \pi r^2 h \) and the area of the curved surface of a cone can be calculated using \(A= \pi r l\) (where \(r\) is the radius and \(l\) is the slant height).

(a) Calculate the volume of this frustum;

(b) Calculate the total surface area of this frustum.

## 28. | GCSE Higher |

Harper mixes 300g of material \(X\) and 150g of material \(Y\) to make 450g of a compound material.

Material \(X\) has a density of 20g/cm^{3}.

Material \(Y\) has a density of 15g/cm^{3}.

Work out the density of the compound material.

## 29. | GCSE Higher |

The diagram shows a water tank in the shape of a trapezoidal prism.

Winthrop begins filling the tank with a hose pipe. After 30 minutes there are 900 litres of water in the tank. How many more minutes will it take until the tank is half full? ( \( 1m^3 = 1000 \) litres )

## 30. | IB Analysis and Approaches |

The perimeter of the sector is 8 cm and the area of the sector is 3 cm^{2}.

(a) Show that \(r^2 - 4r + 3 = 0\).

(b) Hence, or otherwise, find the value of \(r\) and the value of \(\theta\).

## 31. | IB Analysis and Approaches |

The following diagram (not to scale) shows a circle with centre O and radius 7 cm.

The points A, B and C lie on the circumference of the circle and reflex angle \(A\hat{O}C = \theta\) where \( \theta\) is measured in radians.

The length of arc ABC is 30cm.

(a) Find the perimeter of the sector shaded red.

(b) Find \( \theta \).

(c) Find the area of the sector shaded red.

## 32. | IB Analysis and Approaches |

A metal sphere has a radius 7.2 cm.

(a) Find the volume of the sphere giving your answer in standard form.

The sphere is to be melted down and remoulded into the shape of a square-based pyramid with a height of 10.3 cm.

(b) Find the length of one side of the pyramid's square base to the nearest millimetre.

## 33. | IB Studies |

A solid metal cylinder has a base radius of 5cm and a height of 9cm.

(a) Find the area of the base of the cylinder.

(b) Find the volume of the metal used in the cylinder.

(c) Find the total surface area of the cylinder.

The cylinder was melted and recast into a solid cone with a circular base radius, OB (where O is the centre of the circle), of 7cm. The vertex of the cone is the point C.

(d) Find the height, OC, of the cone.

(e) Find the size of angle BCO.

(f) Find the slant height, CB.

(g) Find the total surface area of the cone.

## 34. | IB Analysis and Approaches |

The following diagram shows a semicircle with centre O. Points A. B and C lie on the circumference of the circle and AC is a diameter. Angle BOC = \(\theta\), where \(0 < \theta < \frac{\pi}{2}\).

Given that the area of the triangle shaded in red is twice the size of the area of the segment shaded in blue, find the value of \(\theta\).

## 35. | IB Analysis and Approaches |

An Asian water buffalo is tethered in a rectangular field by a rope of length \(r\) metres. One end of the rope is securely tied to point \(P\) as shown in this diagram (not drawn to scale).

Points \(Q\) and \(R\) on the fence enclosing the field, are directly opposite each other and are the furthest points the buffalo can reach on the edge of the field. \(PQ =PR = r\) and the angle \(Q\hat{P}R = \theta\) radians. The length of arc QR shown is 38m.

(a) Write down an expression for \(r\) in terms of \(\theta\).

(b) Show that the area of the field that the buffalo can reach is \( \frac{1444}{\theta^2} ( \frac{\theta}{2} + \sin \theta) \)

(c) The area of the field that the buffalo can reach is 900m^{2}. Find the value of \(\theta\).

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