Missing Square Puzzle

A Maths Starter Of The Day

Missing Square Puzzle

The four coloured pieces can be put together in two different ways to make these shapes with base 13 units and height 5 units. Why is there one square missing in the second arrangement?

Topics: Starter | Area | Mensuration | Puzzles | Ratio | Shape

  • David, Kawartha Pine Ridge District School Board
  • My main concern is that this references the shape as a right-triangle which neither is in actuality. I think this throws the students off a possible thinking path. If instead it referred to the shape less specifically, then students might more readily venture down this path.
  • Transum,
  • Good point David. The phrase 'right-angled triangles' has now been replaced with the word 'shapes' in the text above. Thanks very much for the suggestion.
  • Tara, Brisbane
  • Was trying to plan a good lesson for ratio. As a substitute teacher, putting together an engaging lesson is paramount to avert discipline issues. So thought it just perfect, in keeping with the first step of arousing the interest of the class. Thank you.
  • H Rollo, Brechin High
  • Could be used for introducing gradient.

    [Transum: That is a very good idea. I too use the notion of gradient when getting students to analyse the situation.]
  • Brandon, The Bronx
  • Cheating. The top triangle, measured as one unit has an area of 32.5. If we assume each cut up piece touches the grid, then we get get triangles of area: 12 (1/2* 8*3), 8, 7 and 5 (1/2 * 5*2) = 32. It doesn't matter what the bottom triangle looks like, the top triangle is lying to us and the bottom could be anything marginally different by not quite, but almost touching the grid lines anyway you'd like. Tricky. I like it becait tests our tacit assumption that the sub-shapes all touch the grid lines, when they don't.
  • Berten Stan, Oxford High
  • Good activity,would like to see more.
  • Ben Sparks, Twitter

How did you use this starter? Can you suggest how teachers could present or develop this resource? Do you have any comments? It is always useful to receive feedback and helps make this free resource even more useful for Maths teachers anywhere in the world.
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Chess Board Paradox

Chess Board Paradox

Sam Loyd presented this Chessboard Paradox at the American Chess congress in 1858. Notice the Fibonacci numbers which can be found in both of these diagrams.

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Parallel or not?

As you probably guessed, even though the red lines don't look parallel they actually are.

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Student Activity

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Laptops In Lessons

Teacher, do your students have access to computers such as tablets, iPads or Laptops?  This page was really designed for projection on a whiteboard but if you really want the students to have access to it here is a concise URL for a version of this page without the comments:


However it would be better to assign one of the student interactive activities below.

Laptops In Lessons

Here is the URL which will take them to a related student activity.


Student Activity

Students can create their own presentation of the Missing Square Puzzle to show to other classes or in an assembly. Here are some guidelines for using PowerPoint

PowerPoint 2007:

On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click Grid Settings.
Tick the Snap objects to grid and the display grid on screen boxes. Select from the dropdown box a spacing of 1cm.

Snap to grid

PowerPoint 2013:

Snap to grid

The red and blue right-angled triangles can be made using the "Right Triangle" tool which can be found in the Home tab, in the Drawing group.

The green and yellow shapes can be created by putting together a number of 1cm by 1cm squares. Upon completion of the shape drag over the shape to select all of the squares then select "Group" from the Format tab, Arrange group.

Turn the Snap To Grid option off an add custom animations to each of the shapes to make the first arrangement of shapes transform into the second.


The images on this page are from the Wikimedia Commons. The descriptions of the licences can be found on the following pages: Missing Square Puzzle and Sam Lloyd Image.


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