5  10  15  20  a  
33  53  73  93  b  
4  16  64  256  c  
23  46  92  184  d  
10  9  60  90  e 
Hint: Scroll down this page to see the extension activity (Extension 2) for help with the fifth sequence above.
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Can you also find a general rule for predicting the nth term of the sequences?
n^{th} term
Note to teacher: Doing this activity once with a class helps students develop strategies. It is only when they do this activity a second time that they will have the opportunity to practise those strategies. That is when the learning is consolidated. Click the button above to regenerate another version of this starter from random numbers.
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Teacher, do your students have access to computers such as tablets, iPads or Laptops? This page was really designed for projection on a whiteboard but if you really want the students to have access to it here is a concise URL for a version of this page without the comments: Transum.org/go/?Start=March31 However it would be better to assign one of the student interactive activities below. 

Here is the URL which will take them to sequences of patterns made with matchsticks.
There is an old tradition of using logic puzzles to test job candidates at interview. Here is the version of part (e) above that is said to be asked of Google job candidates:
Count the number of letters in the words of the numbers in the sequence.
The numbers are the largest numbers that can be spelled in a given number of letters.
Some say 96 but others have said 'one googol' or even 'ten googol'! More information about this question can be found in the excellent book 'Are you smart enough to work at Google?' by William Poundstone."
See the National Curriculum page for links to related online activities and resources.