## A Maths Starter of The Day

Can you work out what digit each symbol represents from these clues?

Are the following calculations right or wrong?

Topics: Starter | Logic | Place Value | Problem Solving

• Mr Dave, BSK Kuwait
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• This was a challenging starter. Many of my students found it too hard but two (Tom and Atesha) persevered and solved it.
• 7V3 Maths Group, King Alfred's College
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• We found this starter very interesting, because if you chose the wrong number it all falls to pieces. Although, in the end it was a very clever sum. We would recommend it to other children in Primary and Secondary.
• Year 10, Chellaston Academy, Derbyshire
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• We enjoyed this starter as we have a student in our class who is Thai.
Ping Ping was the teacher for the lesson!
We also learned that children from Thailand are taught to use English numbers for their Maths.
• Year 7 AB, St Andrews International School, Bangkok
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• Most of us found this really, really easy because we are Thai :).
• D Bishop, Holden Lane High School
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• Used this with Year 10 and they found it a challenge! Really liked it though.
• John Tranter,
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• Many years ago in Birmingham when the University of the First Age began we created an accelerated learning activity based on the Thai number symbols. The students created pictures on poster paper based around the symbol to help them remember the meaning of the symbols. I can still remember a picture drawn around the symbol for one showing a golf ball rolling around the spiral shape until it disappeared down the hole in the middle. The caption for the picture was ‘hole in one’ which provided the association between the symbol and the number 1. The two symbol looked like a shoe which rhymes with two and so on.
• The Beacon School, The Mathedonians
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• We found two alternative solutions:
1. 4 can be made to work in place of the 3.
2. Slightly cheaty, but using 0 in place of the 3 also works. One creates a two-digit number starting with zero on the third line and must use -1 on the second so that 0 - (-1) = 1. But quite innovative!

[Transum: Note that clues above have changed since this comment was made ruling out any ambiguity.]
• Erin, 6J, Banstead Junior School
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• On the page that we looked at, some of my class got the answer provided but some of us got another answer which also worked. It was 6+5=11, 7-6=1,6x2=12 and 7 divided by 1= 7. This meant that 3 in Thai was 6, 8 was 5 and 4 was 7 so it didn't work on other pages, just the one that we looked at. I was the first to solve it in my maths class (my teacher, Mr Jenkins made me write this!)We all found the activity challenging and interesting and used it before looking at algebra.
Erin, 6J BCJS.

[Transum: Note that clues above have changed since this comment was made ruling out any ambiguity.]
• 9ik3, 9ik3
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• We are from a school in Sheffield. We did it with no help and found a different solution. We had many tries but we didn't give up!
• MonotonousProtocol, Reddit
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• Then you might be interested in solving some harder linguistics puzzles? Here is one sample of a numeric system problem from the International Linguistics Olympiad 2017:

https://www.ioling.org/images/problems/big/iol-2017.p01.png

Have fun if it's not too hard for you xD
• Year 7 1, ESF, Kuwait
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• It was a challenging starter for year 7 1 but they still enjoyed it becait was different. Thanks.

How did you use this starter? Can you suggest how teachers could present or develop this resource? Do you have any comments? It is always useful to receive feedback and helps make this free resource even more useful for Maths teachers anywhere in the world.

Previous Day | This starter is for 17 October | Next Day

There is a printable worksheet to go with this activity.

Christmas Present Ideas

It is often very difficult choosing Christmas presents for family and friends but so here are some seasonal, mathematics-related gifts chosen and recommended by Transum Mathematics.

## Equate board game

Here's a great board game that will give any family with school-aged kids hours of worthwhile fun. Christmas is a time for board games but this one will still be useful at any time of year. Games can be adapted to suit many levels of Mathematical ability.

For Maths tutors working with just one or small groups of pupils this game has proved to be an excellent activity for a tutorial. Deciding on the best moves can spark pertinent discussions about mathematical concepts.

Equate looks a bit like Scrabble--for aspiring mathematicians, that is. Designed by a real mathematician, it works like this: You put down tiles on a board and make points by correctly completing simple equations. Your nine tiles include both numbers and mathematical symbols; you can add on to previous plays both vertically and horizontally. more...

## How Not To Be Wrong

The maths we learn in school can seem like an abstract set of rules, laid down by the ancients and not to be questioned. In fact, Jordan Ellenberg shows us, maths touches on everything we do, and a little mathematical knowledge reveals the hidden structures that lie beneath the world's messy and chaotic surface. In How Not to be Wrong, Ellenberg explores the mathematician's method of analyzing life, from the everyday to the cosmic, showing us which numbers to defend, which ones to ignore, and when to change the equation entirely. Along the way, he explains calculus in a single page, describes Gödel's theorem using only one-syllable words, and reveals how early you actually need to get to the airport.

What more could the inquisitive adult want for Christmas? This book makes a cosy, interesting read in front of the fire on those cold winter evenings. more...

## Graphic Display Calculator

This handheld device and companion software are designed to generate opportunities for classroom exploration and to promote greater understanding of core concepts in the mathematics and science classroom. TI-Nspire technology has been developed through sound classroom research which shows that "linked multiple representation are crucial in development of conceptual understanding and it is feasible only through use of a technology such as TI-Nspire, which provides simultaneous, dynamically linked representations of graphs, equations, data, and verbal explanations, such that a change in one representation is immediately reflected in the others.

For the young people in your life it is a great investment. Bought as a Christmas present but useful for many years to come as the young person turns into an A-level candidate then works their way through university. more...

## Apple iPad Pro

The analytics show that more and more people are accessing Transum Mathematics via an iPad as it is so portable and responsive. The iPad has so many other uses in addition to solving Transum's puzzles and challenges and it would make an excellent gift for anyone.

The redesigned Retina display is as stunning to look at as it is to touch. It all comes with iOS, the world's most advanced mobile operating system. iPad Pro. Everything you want modern computing to be. more...

Before giving an iPad as a Christmas gift you could add a link to iPad Maths to the home screen.

## Aristotle's Number Puzzle

It’s a bit of a tradition to give puzzles as Christmas Gifts to nieces and nephews. This puzzle is ideal for the keen puzzle solver who would like a challenge that will continue over the festive period (at least!).

This number puzzle involves nineteen numbers arranged into a hexagon. The goal of the puzzle is to rearrange the numbers so each of the fifteen rows add up to 38. It comes in a wooden style with an antique, aged look.

Keep the Maths in Christmaths with this reasonably priced stocking filler. more...

## The Story Of Maths [DVD]

The films in this ambitious series offer clear, accessible explanations of important mathematical ideas but are also packed with engaging anecdotes, fascinating biographical details, and pivotal episodes in the lives of the great mathematicians. Engaging, enlightening and entertaining, the series gives viewers new and often surprising insights into the central importance of mathematics, establishing this discipline to be one of humanity s greatest cultural achievements. This DVD contains all four programmes from the BBC series.

Marcus du Sautoy's wonderful programmes make a perfect Christmas gift more...

## Christmas Maths

This book provides a wealth of fun activities with a Christmas theme. Each photocopiable worksheet is matched to the Numeracy Strategy and compatible with the Scottish 5-14 Guidelines. This series is designed for busy teachers in the late Autumn term who are desperate for materials that are relevant and interesting and that can be completed with minimun supervision.

All the activities are suitable for use by class teachers, supply teachers, SEN teachers and classroom assistants and cover topics such as 'How many partridges did the true love give all together?' and 'Filling a sleigh with presents by rolling a dice!'. Children will have lots of fun working through the Christmas Maths themes but also gain valuable skills along the way.

A great source of ideas and another reasonably priced stocking filler. more...

## A Compendium Of Mathematical Methods

How many different methods do you know to solve simultaneous equations? To multiply decimals? To find the nth term of a sequence?

A Compendium of Mathematical Methods brings together over one hundred different approaches from classrooms all over the world, giving curious mathematicians the opportunity to explore fascinating methods that they've never before encountered.

If you teach mathematics to any age group in any country, you are guaranteed to learn lots of new things from this delightful book. It will deepen your subject knowledge and enhance your teaching, whatever your existing level of expertise. It will inspire you to explore new approaches with your pupils and provide valuable guidance on explanations and misconceptions. more...

## Math with Bad Drawings

I had been tutoring the wonderful Betsy for five years. When the day came for our last ever session together before the end of her Year 13, I received this beautiful book as a gift of appreciation.

This a very readable book by Ben Orlin. I'm really enjoying the humour in the writing and the drawings are great.

Ben Orlin answers maths' three big questions: Why do I need to learn this? When am I ever going to use it? Why is it so hard? The answers come in various forms-cartoons, drawings, jokes, and the stories and insights of an empathetic teacher who believes that mathematics should belong to everyone. more...

Click the images above to see all the details of these gift ideas and to buy them online.

## Maths T-Shirts

Your access to the majority of the Transum resources continues to be free but you can help support the continued growth of the website by doing your Amazon shopping using the links on this page. Below is an Amazon search box and some items I have chosen and recommend to get you started. As an Amazon Associate I earn a small amount from qualifying purchases which helps pay for the upkeep of this website.

 Teacher, do your students have access to computers?Do they have iPads or Laptops in Lessons? Whether your students each have a TabletPC, a Surface or a Mac, this activity lends itself to eLearning (Engaged Learning).

Here a concise URL for a version of this page without the comments.

Transum.org/go/?Start=October17

Here is the URL which will take them to a slightly related student activity.

Transum.org/go/?to=Numskull

You can learn more about the Thai language and Thai script at Thai Flash Phrase.

For Students:

For All: